How to read Korean 1

  • Korean Alphabet : Hangeul, Korean is ‘Syllabic’ Language.

“한” –> ‘ㅎ’ Beginning consonant, ‘ㅣ’ Vowel, ‘ㄴ’ Ending consonant

 

  • Vowel

ㅏ[a]   ㅜ[u]  ㅔ[e]  ㅞ[we]

ㅑ[ja]  ㅠ[ju]  ㅖ[je] ㅟ[wi]

ㅓ[∧]  ㅡ[i]   ㅘ[wa] ㅢ[ij]

ㅕ[j∧] ㅣ[i]   ㅝ[w∧]

ㅗ[o]   ㅐ[æ]  ㅚ[we]

ㅛ[jo]  ㅒ[jæ] ㅙ[wæ]

 

  • Beginning consonant: O[ø]

아[a]   우[u]  에[e]    웨[we]

야[ja]  유[ju]  예[je]   위[wi]

어[∧]  으[i]   와[wa]  의[ij]

여[j∧] 이[i]_  워[w∧]   _

오[o]   애[æ]  외[we]

요[jo]  얘[jæ]  왜[wæ]

 

  • Ending consonant : O[ŋ]

앙 [aŋ]

양 [jaŋ]

엉 [∧ŋ]

영 [j∧ŋ]

옹 [oŋ]

 

  • Beginning consonant: [h]

하[ha]    후[hu]    헤[he]   훼[hwe]

햐[hja]   휴[hju]  혜[hje]  휘[hwi]

허[h∧]   흐[hi]   화[hwa]  희[hij]

혀[hj∧]  히[hi]   훠[hw∧]

호[ho]    해[hæ]   회[hwe]

효[hjo]   햬[hjæ]  홰[hwæ]

 

  • Let’s read words

‘아이’ kid

‘우유’ milk

‘영화’ movie

‘영웅’ hero

‘황해’ yellow sea

‘왕’ king